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An Agreement To Count Slaves

When he presented his plan for the government framework to the Convention on the first day, Charles Pinckney of South Carolina proposed establishing a “house of delegates” for distribution purposes by dividing “one member for every thousand 3/5 of black inhabitants.” [8] [9] The Convention unanimously accepted the principle that representation in the House of Representatives would be proportional to the relative population of the state, but initially rejected its proposal to distribute the black population with the rest of its plan. But since slaves cannot vote, the leaders of slave states would have the advantage of increased representation in the House of Representatives and the Electoral College. [6]:51-52 The three-fifths compromise was an agreement reached by state delegates at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. . .