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Agreement Of Biak Na Bato

According to historian Sonia M. Zaide, the agreement consisted of three parts: the separation of the Philippines from the Spanish monarchy and their formation into an independent state with a separate government called the Philippine Republic was the end of the revolution in the current war that began on August 24, 1896; That is why, in his name and by the power delegated by the Filipino people, who faithfully interpret their desires and ambitions, we, the representatives of the revolution, unanimously adopt, at a meeting in Biac-na-bato on November 1, 1897, the following articles for the Constitution of the State. [9] A charter based on the Cuban Constitution was also drawn up by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho. It was signed on November 1, 1897. The Constitution of Biak-na-Bato provided for the establishment of a Supreme Council to serve as the highest governing body of the Republic. Some fundamental human rights, such as religious freedom, freedom of the press and the right to education, have also been defined. Emilio Aguinaldo and Mariano Trias were elected President of the Board of Governors and Vice-President respectively. The Pact of Biak-na-Bato Pedro Paterno, a Spaniard born in the Philippines, volunteered to play the role of negotiator between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera to end the clashes. Paterno`s efforts bore fruit when he signed the Pact on December 15, 1897 as a representative of the revolutionaries and Rivera as a representative of the Spanish government. The leaders are: President Emilio Aguinaldo, Mariano Trias Vice-President, Antonio Montenegro Secretary, Baldomero Aguinaldo-Treasurer and Emilio Riego de Dios. On December 23, 1897, Generals Celestino Tejero and Ricardo Monet of the Spanish Army arrived in Biak-na-Bato and became hostages of the rebels. A ceasefire was declared by both sides and an agreement was reached between Aguinaldo and the Spanish armed forces according to which the Spanish government will grant autonomy to the Philippines in 3 years if Aguinaldo goes into exile and surrenders his weapons.

In exchange, Aguinaldo received P800,000 Mexican pesos in compensation for the revolutionaries and an amnesty. After receiving a partial payment of P400,000, Aguinaldo went to Hong Kong on December 27, 1897. However, some Filipino generals did not believe in the sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender their weapons. Despite this, the Te Deum was still sung on January 23, 1898. The Pact of Biak na Bato failed On August 9, 1897, Paterno Aguinaldo proposed a peace based on reforms and amnesty. In the months that followed, Paterno went back and forth between Manila and Biak-na-Bato as shuttle diplomacy, carrying proposals and counter-proposals. Paterno`s efforts resulted in a peace agreement called the Biak-na-Bato Pact. It consisted of three documents, the first two having been signed on 14 December 1897 and the third on 15 December; effectively end the Republic of Biak-na-Bato.

[10] We revolutionaries fulfilled our commitment to surrender our weapons which, as everyone knows, had more than 1000 stands after their publication in the manila newspapers. But Captain General Primo de Rivera did not respect the agreement as faithfully as we did. .